COVID-19 vaccine development pipeline gears up

gracielle

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UPDATE: 12 November 2020
29 October 2020
6 November 2020
 

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gracielle

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16 November 2020....By: Nora Bär, Editor of the Science and Health section
Covid-19. Deaths per million: why is Argentina fourth in the world?
While the official numbers show a downward trend in the number of confirmed cases of Covid-19, the country rises steadily in another more worrying ranking: that of deaths per million inhabitants (mortality). If two microstates with tiny populations (Andorra and San Marino) are left out, according to international statistics such as those updated daily by the ourworldindata.org site, Argentina (with 781.2 deaths per million) ranks fourth (after Belgium, 1,221; Peru, 1,066; and Spain; 871). And the second in Latin America (after Peru and surpassing Brazil, 779; Chile, 773; and Bolivia, 757). According to the Johns Hopkins University, these figures are 1,252.2 for Belgium, 1101.3 for Peru, 872.6 for Spain and 796.4 for Argentina. In this base, Brazil figures with 791.5; Chile, with 791.2, and Bolivia, with 778.7.

These results are difficult to explain if one takes into account that even nations that chose not to restrict activities and mobility (or did so in small doses) today have lower mortality. It is not due to the biology of the microbe. "The virus is the same; what changes are the policies, restrictions, attitudes of the population, and the agencies of management and control", underlines the virologist from the National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA) and the National University of Córdoba, Humberto Debat.

Specialists from different disciplines attribute it not to a single fact, but to a series of factors that are interconnected and that are not limited to health strategies, but include climate, social behavior and communication....
 

Renzi

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16 November 2020....By: Nora Bär, Editor of the Science and Health section
Covid-19. Deaths per million: why is Argentina fourth in the world?
While the official numbers show a downward trend in the number of confirmed cases of Covid-19, the country rises steadily in another more worrying ranking: that of deaths per million inhabitants (mortality). If two microstates with tiny populations (Andorra and San Marino) are left out, according to international statistics such as those updated daily by the ourworldindata.org site, Argentina (with 781.2 deaths per million) ranks fourth (after Belgium, 1,221; Peru, 1,066; and Spain; 871). And the second in Latin America (after Peru and surpassing Brazil, 779; Chile, 773; and Bolivia, 757). According to the Johns Hopkins University, these figures are 1,252.2 for Belgium, 1101.3 for Peru, 872.6 for Spain and 796.4 for Argentina. In this base, Brazil figures with 791.5; Chile, with 791.2, and Bolivia, with 778.7.

These results are difficult to explain if one takes into account that even nations that chose not to restrict activities and mobility (or did so in small doses) today have lower mortality. It is not due to the biology of the microbe. "The virus is the same; what changes are the policies, restrictions, attitudes of the population, and the agencies of management and control", underlines the virologist from the National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA) and the National University of Córdoba, Humberto Debat.

Specialists from different disciplines attribute it not to a single fact, but to a series of factors that are interconnected and that are not limited to health strategies, but include climate, social behavior and communication....
I wonder if there's a correlation with the very high rate of smoking here (especially among older people) which is the highest on the continent, and this is a respiratory disease after all.

 

gracielle

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Yes, tobacco and vaping impact direct consumers and non-smokers exposed to second-hand smoke. As well as other factors that affect health such as obesity and lack of physical activity.

Oct 28, 2020....Bolivia and Chile have the highest smoking prevalence in the region, with 40% and 38.7%, respectively, followed by Cuba with 35.9%, Suriname with 26.2%, and Argentina with 22.5%.


17 April 2019
The results of the latest National Survey of Risk Factors reflect the lack of public policies for the prevention of NCDs in Argentina
66.1% of the adult population is overweight, 64.9% does little physical activity and 22.2% uses tobacco according to the official survey.
These indicators demonstrate the lack of public policies that promote the adoption of healthier habits and, in parallel, show the failure in the implementation of current measures.

(Buenos Aires, April 17) This week the Secretary of the Government of Health and INDEC presented the first results of the 4th National Survey of Risk Factors for Non-communicable Diseases. One of the most alarming figures is that of the weight of the population, which shows that 66.1% are overweight, where overweight reaches 33.1% of the population and obesity 32.4%, based on objective measurement.

“Excess weight and specifically obesity have been increasing steadily in recent years and this is reflected in previous surveys. These results, unfortunately, are not news. The problem is that, knowing this trend, the State did not implement policies that seek to discourage the consumption of foods of low nutritional quality and encourage the consumption of healthier foods. The lack of public policies explains why the results of the survey are so negative,” said Lorena Allemandi, director of the food policy area of FIC Argentina. And she added: “The evidence and experience of other countries that are making progress in improving the population's food environments, show that it is the States that must implement a package of measures that includes the promotion of healthy school environments, frontal labeling in food, tax policies on unhealthy food and beverages, among others ”.

The absence of public policies that promote the adoption of healthier habits was also evidenced from other survey results: 64.9% indicated a low level of physical activity while in the previous measurement (2013) it was 55%. Based on the recommendations by the WHO, it is necessary for Argentina to design a national plan that promotes the implementation of different measures that facilitate the practice of physical activity.

For its part, tobacco consumption remains very high despite the fact that the survey showed a decrease of three percentage points compared to the previous measurement: in 2013 25.1% used tobacco and in the last survey 22.2% of the population.

It is very positive that consumption is decreasing but it is a low decrease. In a framework where, since 2011, the national tobacco control law has been in force, it would be expected that consumption will have decreased more from survey to survey. There are flaws in the implementation of the regulations, especially with regard to the ban on cigarette advertising. In addition, the survey showed a very slight decrease in exposure to second-hand smoke in bars and restaurants, which also reveals non-compliance with the regulations on smoke-free environments, ”stated Marita Pizarro, Co-executive director of FIC Argentina and Director of the tobacco area of the organization.

Non-communicable diseases are responsible for 73.4% of deaths in Argentina. Its main risk factors can be controlled and avoided through the design, implementation and monitoring of effective public policies that seek to modify environments and promote healthier habits. These policies, in addition to being based on scientific evidence, must be diagrammed independently of the companies that produce and market unhealthy products. "We hope that this worrisome scenario will be an impetus for there to be a political will and decision to advance with measures that guarantee the right to health of the population," concluded Marita Pizarro.
 
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gracielle

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17 November 2020
The phases of the pandemic
Coronavirus in Argentina: with the slowdown in infections, can we stop having community transmission? Cases decrease and it is an encouraging data. But herd immunity is far off. The risk of reinfections, the vaccine and the ghost of the second outbreak....
 
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